It’s that time of the year to turn the clock back an hour. Starting at 2 a.m. on November 4, daylight saving time ends and clocks go back one hour.
Daylight Saving Time is when the clock is set one hour ahead during the summer months, is observed in about 70 countries worldwide, including some in every populated continent. This was originally Benjamin Franklin’s idea, Daylight Saving Time is a little bit different everywhere it is practiced and has been controversial since its introduction. Daylight Saving Time has two main purposes which are to increase evening daytime hours for outdoor leisure activities and to save on energy consumption.
Benjamin Franklin first conceived the idea that would become Daylight Saving Time during a 1784 post as an American delegate in Paris. It was similar to his often quoted phrase “Early to bed, early to rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise.” Half-jokingly, Franklin suggested that Parisians shift their sleep schedules an hour back in order to save on candles in the evening. He did not suggest changing the clock, however.
William Willett of London was the first to propose an actual clock shift to move an hour of daylight from the morning to the evening in his 1907 pamphlet, “Waste of Daylight.” Though his efforts resulted in a 1909 bill drafted in Parliament, his idea was not respected during his lifetime, and he died in 1915 before seeing his plan come into effect.